If you would like to educate yourself on how you can purchase over-the-counter stocks, it’s likely you are interested in the penny-stock marketplace. Firstly, penny stocks aren’t traded on the stock exchange like conventional stocks are; they are traded in the over-the-counter or OTC stocks market. Although a broker is used in these transactions, there are two options for buying OTC stocks, which are a full-service brokerage or a discount brokerage account. Each of these options are paid services. If you opt for a full-service brokerage, this will mean dealing directly with a penny-stock broker. To start off your trades, your broker will need to know the quantity of shares required, the maximum price you would like to pay, and the ticker symbol of the stock. The stock broker will subsequently try to buy the stocks on your behalf. Stock brokers are paid through either a commission per transaction or on the difference between the bid price and ask price, which is called the spread. As an alternative, you can set up an account with a discount brokerage firm. Once you’ve created an account, you can make trades online yourself with little effort. However, even though this option might be less expensive and apparently more convenient than having to deal with a stock broker at a full-service brokerage house, if you’re a beginner investor in the penny stock market, it’s very important to perform plenty of research and learn the ropes of the way the penny stock trading market works before starting to actually trade OTC stocks. One thing to keep in mind is that with some trades you might not have the possibility to perform your trade transactions for the price you would like without using a stock broker, who has more resources at hand. Whatever option you select, perform your own due diligence on both brokerage companies and stocks in advance. Penny stocks (also referred to as micro-stocks) sold on the OTC stocks market are traded at below $5. These stocks relate to a business’ combined worth of the best common shares, and they are often known as the shares’ market cap rather than the stock price. Market cap is the term for a dimension of size of a business enterprise corresponding to the share price times the quantity of shares outstanding of a publicly traded business. These are shares that have been authorized, issued, and bought by investors. To be able to calculate the market cap of a company, you have to first multiply the company’s current stock price by the volume of best common shares. This calculation provides the total dollar cost of all the stocks in the company at any time. When you’re learning how to buy OTC stocks, at first glance it may appear complicated, and it’s really worth taking into account that there can be losses as well as gains when trading them. It makes good sense to check with your stock broker on what penny stocks are available, most brokerage houses will even provide their investors with penny stock alerts. Every investor has his or her own trading technique and strategy, and once you’ve learned and understood the ins and outs of what penny stock trading is all about, you’ll be able to follow your own trading strategy.